Exhibit No. 28: Problem of converting closed temples into mosques in Burhanpur district. Siyaha Akhbarat-i-Darbar-i- Mu‘alla R.Yr. 25, Shawwal 10 / 13th October 1681.

"Qamruddin Khan reported that in this mulk (in the region of Burhanpur) there are a very large number of temples, but their doors remain closed. One of Your Majesty's servant was sent with orders to demolish the temples, who reported that in this zila (district), Muslims have not settled (in any appreciable number), so that the temples be given the appearance of mosques in order that the Musalmans may offer namaz there. The Emperor ordered that it would be better to let the temples remain closed rather than demolishing them”.


The above document explains the reason which led Aurangzeb to spare many other closed temples in the Deccan instead of having them demolished. The reason was not that good sense had at last dawned upon him, or that he had suddenly imbibed the catholicity and other liberal qualities of the Hindus, but because converting the temples into mosques was not likely to serve any purpose on account of very sparse population of the Musalmans in the district. Besides, it would have antagonized Marathas and the Hindus in general even further. His son Akbar having revolted (January 1681) had joined (June 1681) the Maratha king, Shambhaji, which made his position extremely difficult and he was out to woo the Marathas by most liberal offer of mansabs.